9th July 1834 – 22nd August 1891
Czech poet, prose writer, journalist, playwright, literary and theater critic, a pioneer of critical realism, and a leading figure in the literary movement of the May School. After graduating from high school, he began studying at the law faculty but did not complete his studies due to financial reasons. He traveled extensively, visiting Paris, the Balkans, the Orient, Italy, and Germany. He became a journalist, working as a feuilletonist for the newspaper Čas, then for Hlas, and from 1865 in Národní listy. Jan Neruda was the most active member of the literary group that prepared the almanac Máj. In 1865, he founded and, until 1866, edited Květy with V. Hálek.