The History of the City
Healing Springs in the Middle of Swamp
Marianske Lazne is a relatively young spa town, developed at the beginning of the 19th century in a valley where several excellent healing streams spring from the ground, though its inhabitants were aware of the springs as early as the 1200s. In 1528, King Ferdinand ordered these springs to be examined for salt content.
The First Spa House
the monastery doctor, who assessed the spring waters as having healing powers.
In 1805–1807, Dr. Johann Josef Nehr founded the first brick house for spa guests near the Cross Spring (Křížový) called 'The Golden Globe', built on the site of a former wooden cabin.
Municipality of Marianske Lazne
in the years 1812–1827 he was Abbot of Teplá Premonstrate Monastery. He supported the building up of the spas despite the opposition of the monastery monks (which led to him spending 33 years in the exile in Tyrol for his conviction).
In 1812 it arises municipality of Marianske Lazne from the decision of Karel Kašpar Reitenberger (abbot of Teplá Premonstrate Monastery).
Marianske Lazne Declared as Public Spa
On 6. 11. 1818 Marianske Lazne was declared as public spa by government decree issued by the Chief Burgrave K. F. Libštejnský.
City of parks, pergolas, pavilions and colonnades
horticulturist , who in 1817 initiated a unique development of landscaping in Marianske Lazne.
Between 1817 and 1823, three noted citizens - horticulturist Václav Skalník, architect Jiří Fischer and builder Anton Turner, financially supported by the Abbot Karel Kašpar Reitenberger, turned this inhospitable and marshy valley into a beautiful park city featuring neoclassical houses, pergolas, pavilions and colonnades.
The Boom of
visited Marianske Lazne in 1820. He came to Marianske Lazne twice more and in 1823 experienced here his late love story with a young noblewoman Ulrike von Levetzow.
Numerous cultural, scientific and political personalities came from all over the world to visit Mariánské Lázně, notably Johann Wolfgang Goethe, Prince Friedrich of Saxony, Earl Kašpar Šternberk, Joens Jakob Berzelius, Václav Jan Tomášek, and Marie Szymanowsky.
Marianske Lazne visited by
polish composer and virtuoso pianist has visited Marianske Lazne on February 22, 1836, rushed here from Paris for his love Mary Wodzinska.
Marianske Lazne are remembering on stay of Fryderyk Chopin almost on every step. On Main Street is the House of Chopin with a plaque and Chopin Memorial Museum. Every year Fryderyk Chopin Festival takes place. You can find here a street and musical school named after him.
The original charter is stored in the Municipal Museum of Marianske Lazne.
On 29.5. 1865, Mariánské Lázně was declared a city by Franz Joseph I.
Various international celebrities visited the city during those days, such as Fryrderyk Chopin, Richard Wagner, Anton Bruckner.
Golden Age of Marianske Lazne
Between 1870 and 1914, Mariánské Lázně reveled in its Golden Age, reflected today in its numerous reconstructed and newly built Art Nouveau spa houses, hotels, colonnades and churches, designed by architects such as Friedrich Zickler, Josef Schaffer, Arnold Heymann and Josef Forberich. Parks were enlarged, and romantic lookout points were created.
World-known Spa City
visited Mariánské Lázně nine times as 'Lord Renfrew' or 'The Duke of Lancaster', however his incognito' was widely known there. In Mariánské Lázně, Edward met the Austrian Emperor Franz Joseph I in 1904, met with the Russian foreign minister Izplsky and French premier Clemenceau in 1907, and with Duke Ferdinand of Bulgaria in 1908.
In 1872, the city was connected by railway with Cheb, Vienna and Prague through Plzeň and in 1898 with Karlovy Vary. During this period, many more luminaries came to visit Mariánské Lázně: Gustav Mahler, Friedrich Nietzsche, Franz Kafka, Rudyard Kipling, Mark Twain, Thomas Alva Edison, Pierre de Coubertin, the English king Edward VII, the Russian Czar Nicholas II, and Emperor Franz Joseph I.
20s and 30s
The spa life remained active through the first half of the 20th century. Famous people were still drawn to Mariánské Lázně, such as Tomáš Garrigue Masaryk and Edvard Beneš.
Airport in Skláře
The city's connection with the world was extended when a new airport was built in nearby Skláře in 1927.